Since the Titanic disaster of 1912, the horrors of major maritime casualties have prompted international conventions and domestic legislation, but the link between events and outcomes (which are often separated by many years) is rarely understood by those working in the maritime industry. This book, the only comprehensive guide to this link, sets forth the major casualties of the last hundred years and explains resulting regulatory changes. Taking a macro-level view, it describes the trends and reactions across decades, and how, over time, focus has shifted from equipment failures to people and their behaviors as the primary cause of maritime casualties. Timely and thorough, it also explores the alarming increase in the criminalization of maritime accidents, especially the relatively recent reclassification of pollution incidents as "environmental crimes." This book offers broad insight to the history, laws, and conventions that regulate worldwide commercial maritime activity.
Capt. Tuuli Messer-Bookman has worked as a ship? officer aboard commercial cargo ships, and has sailed over 300,000 sea miles as a merchant marine officer. A graduate of the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy, she earned her law degree at the University of San Francisco School of Law. She is currently a tenured full professor in the Marine Transportation Department of the California Maritime Academy, a campus of the California State University System. She teaches all aspects of navigation and is the lead instructor for U.S. Coast Guard license exam preparation. A member of the California State Bar, Capt. Tuuli has worked as a maritime consultant and expert witness since 1995. She has written for various maritime publications and is the author of _The Master? Handbook on Ship? Business, 3rd ed._ and _Close Quarters: A Woman? Guide to Living and Working in Masculine Environments_ (both Schiffer).